The future tenses

future tenses
Raymond NDIAYE

Raymond NDIAYE

Mr Raymond Ndiaye est Professeur d'Anglais titulaire d'une Maîtrise complète de l'Université Cheikh Anta Diop et du Certificat d'Aptitude à l'Enseignement Secondaire. Il intervient dans le privé (de la 3ème à la Terminale) et dans le Supérieur (Instituts de Formation Post Bac).



The Simple Future

How is it formed?

Subject + Will + Verb Infinitive

Examples :
I will call you next week.
The maids will clean the rooms.

When do we use the Simple Future ?

A- To make Predictions ( that is what you think will happen)

Ex : You are going for a long trip and you can say :
‘I will be tired after that long flight’

B- To make Promises (what you will certainly do later)

I will send you a message on New Year’s day

C- To give orders or make requests

You will take the boys to school and then you….

When do we use the Simple Future ?

A- In the Negative form, we can use Will Not or Won’t

You will NOT (or WON’T) go on holidays

B- But in the Interrogative form, we start the sentence with Will

Will you come to the party tomorrow ?
WON’T he bring his camera to take photos ?

Time Markers/Signal words :

Tomorrow, this weekend, tonight, next Friday, next month, next year, In + a future date.

The Near Future

The Near Future is expressed by 2 forms

  1. To be going to
  2. The present continuous

A-  ‘ to be going to’

We use this form to talk about actions planned in the near future

  • The sky is cloudy. It is going to rain today
  • They are going to win the match

B- The present continuous

We can also use this form for actions to happen in a near future

  • Mum is travelling tonight (is going to travel)
  • We are having an English test tomorrow

The Future Continuous

How is it formed?

Subject + Will + Be + Verb + ing

By this time next year, my daughters WILL BE STUDYING in America.

When do we use the Future Continuous ?

We use it to talk about an action that will happen at a certain moment in the future

  • So it expresses an action we will be doing at a specific moment in the future.
    • Don’t call me tomorrow at 11, I WILL BE HAVING a meeting with my Boss
  • It also expresses actions that have already been planned
    • My cousins WILL BE GOING to Spain as usual for their holidays

Time Markers/Signal words :

  • This time, Next week, Next month, Tomorrow, How long

The Future Perfect

Subject + Will + Have + Past participle

If you go to the University, by 2025 you WILL HAVE FINISHED your studies.

When do we use de future perfect ?

It is used to say that at a certain moment in the future something will be (or not be) completed.

  • The BAC Exam will start early July, so by July 25th, we WILL HAVE DONE it
  • If you go to the University, by 2025 you WILL HAVE FINISHED your studies
    • and you WILL BE LOOKING for a job (future continuous)

Time Markers :

Before, by the time, by 2050, for (some time in the future)



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